4.9 Key vocabulary and useful expressions

Useful Vocabulary
IPA English
moang hour
nia-dtii minute
vi-nia-dtii second
nouw at/in
bprək morning
roo-sial afternoon
l’ngiach evening
yub night
rian to study
leek dtuu-roo-sab Phone number
ey-louw-nih now
Useful Expressions
IPA English
Neak mian leek dtuu-roo-sab dtee? What is your phone number?
Neak rian pia-saa Khmer maong bpon-maan? What time does your Khmer class start?
Maong bpram-bey haəy! It is 8 o’clock already!
Summary of Grammar Points
Grammar Point Summary
Expressing the hour times The hour times are expressed by the pattern Maong (hour) + Number + Haəy. Haəy “already” is often added after the number word to mean “It’s ____o’clock”. To ask the time, same pattern is used: Maong bpon-maan haəy following by the question mark.
Expressing the minute Minute “nia-dtii” to the hour are expressed with the pattern: maong + number (of hour) + number (of minute) + nia-tii. Nia-dtii “minute” and Vi-nia-dtii “second” followed by the numeral. Thirty minutes, sam sap nia-dtii, can be stated as kɔn-lah “half hour”.
Expressing the “exact” hour To expression the “exact” hour, the word Kut is added after the number. The word Haəy “already” is often omitted when expressing the “exact” hour.
The abbreviation a.m and p.m in Khmer In Cambodian the abbreviation a.m and p.m are expressed by the time of the day. Morning “bprək”, Afternoon “roo-sial”, Evening “l’ngiach” and Night “yub” are used to denote the a.m and p.m in English.




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