6.6 Key Vocabulary and Useful Expressions

Key Vocabulary
IPA English
m’səl-menh yesterday
t’ngai-nih today
s’aek tomorrow
khae-mun last month
khae-kraoy next month
nih this
noh that
dtii noh there
m’dɔɔng dtiat again
bpeel-naa when
bɔng-rian to teach
dtouw to go
mook to come
Key Expressions
IPA English
Khnhom baan bɔng-rian pia-saa Khmer. I taught Khmer.
Koat baan dtouw kam-bpu-jia chnam-mun. He went to Cambodia last year.
Neak baan dtouw kam-bpu-jia bpeel-naa? When did you go to Cambodia?
Summary of Grammar Points
Grammar Point Summary
Past tense in Khmer To express a past-tense action, the particle Baan “បាន” is placed in front of the the main verb. However, the particle is often omitted when the context is clear or the past expressions are introduced in the sentence


• I learned Khmer last year.
  Khnhom baan rian pia-saa Khmer chnam-mun.
• I drank tea yesterday.
  Khnhom baan pək dtae m’səl-menh.
Nih “This” and time expressions To indicate a more specific period of time, expression such as Bprək-nih “this morning”, Aa-dtet-nih “this week, Khae-nih “this month” and Chnam-nih “this year” are used.
Time expressions In Cambodian, verbs are not conjugated to indicate past or future. Time expressions such as M’səl-menh “Yesterday”, T’ngai-nih “Today” and S’aek  “Tomorrow” are used to indicate tenses. Another way to express past or future tense is to add “Mun” or “Kraoy”.



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