Expressing Possession Video
Instructor Video: Expressing Possession in Hindi
In English, we you “to have” to express possession.
- For examples:
I have a car.
I have two sisters.
I have a fever.
This book has several chapters.
In Hindi, there are four different ways to express possession “to have.” It depends on a thing that is being possessed.
|To have||के पास||It is used to express possession of those inanimate things of which the ownership is not necessarily permanent, and are tangible, movable and material objects.||मेरे पास बहुत किताबें हैं | “I have many books.”
क्या आपके पास कुछ पैसे हैं ? “Do you have some money?”
|का/के/की||का, के, की are used to express
possession of kin, limbs
of the body and also permanent/legal
possessions such as land etc.
|मेरा एक भाई है | I have a brother.”
आप की आँखें सुन्दर हैं | “You have beautiful eyes.”
|को||को is used to show possession of
abstract entity could be (a)
Physical ailments such as fever,
cold, cough, headache, etc. (b)
Free time or work, and (c) Need.
|उसको तेज़ बुख़ार है | “S/he has high fever.”
मुझे बहुत काम है | “I have lots of work.”
|में||में is used to show possession of an integral part of a whole in Hindi.||मेरे घर में, चार कमरे हैं | My home has four rooms.”
मेरे स्कूल में, पच्चीस अध्यापक हैं | My school has 25 teachers.”
Please choose the correct form of subject to express possession in Hindi.