Instructor Video: There Construction
English is not a pro-drop language, in other words, you cannot have an English sentence in which the subject is not available. This is why, we need “dummy” subjects like ‘there’ and ‘it’ in English.
- There is a car.
- There are ten students.
Unlike English, Urdu is a pro-drop language, hence subject can be dropped or is not needed in “there” or “it” sentences. In these sentences, the verb agrees with the object.
|In my town, there is a museum.||English||.1|
|My town in + (there) + a museum + is||Urdu Word order|
|میرے شہر میں (——) ایک عجیب خانہ/گھر ہے-||Urdu|
|In my room, there are ten books.||English||.2|
|My room in + (there) + ten books + are||Urdu Word order|
|میرے کمرے میں (——) دس کتابیں ہیں-||Urdu|
|There is a computer on my desk.||English||.3|
|My desk on + (there) + a computer + is||Urdu Word order|
|میری میز پر (——) ایک کمپیوٹر ہے-||Urdu|
Using “there construction”, please form five sentences for describing the places given below.