4.6 Post-Positions

Instructor Video: Postpositions in Urdu

English has a class of words called “prepositions”. Prepositions are the words that precede a phrase and indicate a relationship between the phrase and another word in the sentence. Urdu has a similar class of words known as “post-positions”. As the name implies, post-positions come after the word.

Simple Post-Positions

Simple post-positions consist of a single word.


Examples English Post-positions
English Urdu

In my town

میرے شہر میں



On a table

میز پر



At home

گھر پر


From India

ہندوستان سے



By train

ٹرین سے


With a pen

قلم سے


Since childhood

بچپن سے



House’s window (window of a house)

House’s people (people of a house)

سونے کا کمرہ

گھر کی کھڑکی

گھر کے لوگ


کا/کی /کے

To a boy

To you

لڑکے کو

آپ کو



 Compound Post-Positions

Urdu has many compound post-positions as well. Compound post-positions consist of two or more words. Most compound post-positions begin with the post-position کے/کی or سے .


Examples English Post-Positions
English Urdu

For house

گھر کے لیے

for x

کے لیے X 

About town

شہر کے بارے میں

about x

 کے بارے میں X

Because of you

آپ کی وجہ سے

because of x

کی وجہ سے X

Far from home

گھر سے

far from x

  سے دور x 

Near home

گھر کے قریب

near x

 کے پاس/ نزدیک X

Before school

اسکول سے پہلے/اسکول سے پہلے

before x

 سے / کے پہلے X

Outside home

گھر کے باہر

outside x

  کے باہر X

Inside the home

گھر کے اندر

inside the x

 کے اندر X

After school

اسکول کے بعد

after x

 کے بعد X

Above/on/on top of roof

چھت کے اوپر

above/ on/ on top of x

 کے اوپر X

Under/beneath/below roof

چھت کے نیچے

under/ beneath/ below x

 کے نیچے X

Toward you

آپ کی طرف

towards x

 کی طرف X

In front of you

آپ کے سامنے

in front of x

 کے سامنے X

Behind you

آپ کے پیچھے

behind x

کے پیچھے X

Ahead of you

آپ کے آگے

ahead of x

 کے آگے X

Together with/with/along with you

آپ کے ساتھ

together with/ with/ along with x

 کے ساتھ X

Between school and home

اسکول اور گھر کے بیچ

between x and y

 کے بیچ Y اور X

Test Yourself

Fill in the blanks with the suitable post-position.



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