How Well Must Officers Administer the Miranda Warnings?
One issue not settled by Miranda was how closely police interrogators would be required to deliver the precise warnings set forth by the Miranda majority. Would word-for-word accuracy—or at least warnings materially identical to those provided by the Court—be necessary? Because police officers are human, perfect accuracy would not be a fair standard. The real question was how far officers could stray from the Court’s language while still having their warnings count for purposes of getting confessions into evidence under Miranda.
The next case presented the Court with another deviation from the warning language set forth in Miranda.