1.4 Nasal Sounds in Hindi

Nasal Sounds Video

Instructor Video: Nasal Sounds

Bindu/Anusvaar ()

In Hindi script, nasalization is marked by a superscript “bindu/anusvaar” (). “Bindu/anusvaar” represents the nasal sounds for all the consonant categories (velar, palatal, retroflex, dental, and labial). To identify the correct category of the nasal sound marked by a “bindu/anusvaar,” one has to look at the next letter. The “bindu/anusvaar” belongs to the category of the next consonant letter.

Table 8 (below). List of nasal sounds with examples in Hindi words.

Table 8 (above). List of nasal sounds with examples in Hindi words.
Bindu/Anusvaar () represents Examples
Velar Nasal ङ अं गंगा कं
Palatal Nasal ञ पंजा अं पंचायत
Retroflex Nasal ण अंडा कं पंडि
Dental Nasal न अं हिंदी  अंधा
Labial Nasal म कं चंपा लंबा
Bindu/Anusvaar () before य and व represents preceding vowel nasalization. संयम संवाद संवरण
Bindu/Anusvaar () before र, ल, and स represents dental nasal संसार संरक्षण
Bindu/Anusvaar () before श represents palatal nasal अंश दंश मंशा
Bindu/Anusvaar () before ह represents velar nasal सिंह

Chandrabindu (ँ)

Chandrabindu (ँ) is used to indicate the vowel nasalization.

For example: अँधा, हूँ, बाँध |

Sometimes, when a vowel markings in a word does not allow the space because of the superscript then instead of chandrabindu (ँ), bindu (ं) is used.

For example: मैं, सिंचाई, में

In typing, it is very common to see the use of bindu (ं) instead of chandrabindu (ँ) in modern Hindi script.

Test yourself

Reading/Writing Task

Worksheet 6 (below). Reading and Writing: Please read these words and try to write them in Roman script and then check your answer using video (below).

Worksheet 6 (above). Reading and Writing: Please read these words and try to write them in Roman script and then check your answer using video (below).
कंघी कंगाल कंचन बंधन जंगल
टंकण चंदन छंद बूँद आँख
चंदा आँसू अँग्रेज़ी कंधा धंधा

Instructor Video: Feedback on Worksheet 6

धन्यवाद !

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Basic Hindi I by Rajiv Ranjan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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