4.6 Post-positions

Post-Positions Video

Instructor Video: Post-positions

English has a class of words called “prepositions”. Prepositions are the words that precede a phrase and indicate a relationship between the phrase and another word in the sentence. Hindi has a similar class of words known as “post-positions”. As the name implies, post-positions come before the word they modify. In other respects, however, they are very similar to prepositions in English.

Simple Post-positions

Simple post-positions consist of a single word.

Examples

Post-position English Examples
Hindi English
में in मेरे शहर में In my town
पर on, मेज़ पर On a table
at घर पर At home
से from भारत से from India
by ट्रेन से by train
with कलम से with a pen
since बचपन से since childhood
‘s सोने का कमरा

घर की खिड़की

घर के लोग

bed room

House’s window (window of a house)

House’s people (people of a house)

to लड़के को

आप को

to a boy

to you

Compound Post-positions

Hindi has many compound post-positions as well. Compound post-positions consist of two or more words. Most compound post-positions begin with the post-position के, की, or से.

Examples

Post-position English Examples
Hindi English
x के लिये for x घर के लिये For house
x के बारे में about x शहर के बारे में About town
x की वजह से / के कारण because of x आप की वजह से / के कारण Because of you
x से दूर far from x घर से दूर far from home
x के नज़दीक / पास near x घर के नज़दीक / पास near home
x से / के पहले before x स्कूल से / के पहले before school
x के बाहर outside x घर के बाहर outside home
x के अंदर inside the x घर के अंदर inside the home
x के बाद after x स्कूल के बाद after school
x के ऊपर above/ on/ on top of x घर के ऊपर above/ on/ on top of home
x के नीचे under/ beneath/ below x छत के नीचे under/ beneath/ below roof
x की तरफ़ towards x आप की तरफ़ towards you
x के सामने in front of x आप के सामने in front of you
x के पीछे behind x आप के पीछे behind you
x के आगे ahead of x आप के आगे ahead of you
x के साथ together with/ with/ along with x आप के साथ together with/ with/ along with you
x और y के बीच between x and y स्कूल और घर के बीच between school and home

Test yourself

Fill in the blanks with suitable post-position.

धन्यवाद !

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Basic Hindi I by Rajiv Ranjan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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