5.8 Expressing Possession in Hindi

Expressing Possession Video

Instructor Video: Expressing Possession in Hindi

In English, we you “to have” to express possession.

  • For examples:
    I have a car.
    I have two sisters.
    I have a fever.
    This book has several chapters.

In Hindi, there are four different ways to express possession “to have.” It depends on a thing that is being possessed.

In Hindi Uses Examples
To have के  पास It is used to express possession of those inanimate things of which the ownership is not necessarily permanent, and are tangible, movable and material objects. मेरे पास बहुत किताबें हैं | “I have many books.”

क्या आपके पास कुछ पैसे हैं ? “Do you have some money?”

का/के/की का, के, की are used to express
possession of kin, limbs
of the body and also permanent/legal
possessions such as land etc.
मेरा एक भाई है | I have a brother.”

आपकी दो सुन्दर आँखें हैं | “S/he has two beautiful eyes.”

को को is used to show possession of
abstract entity could be (a)
Physical ailments such as fever,
cold, cough, headache, etc. (b)
Free time or work, and (c) Need.
उसको तेज़ बुख़ार है | “S/he has high fever.”

मुझे बहुत काम है | “I have lots of work.”

में में is used to show possession of an integral part of a whole in Hindi. मेरे घर में, चार कमरे हैं | My home has four rooms.”

मेरे स्कूल में, पच्चीस अध्यापक हैं | My school has 25 teachers.”

Activity

Please choose the correct form of subject to express possession in Hindi.

धन्यवाद !

 

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Basic Hindi I by Rajiv Ranjan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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