5.7 चाहिए “Need”

चाहिए “Need” Video

Instructor Video: चाहिए “Need”

As in English, need is a modal verb and different from “to want,” like wise चाहिए “need” acts like a modal verb (it does not change its form based on the subject/object), and different from चाहना “to want.”

Like पसंद “like,” and नापसंद “dislike,” चाहिए “need” also requires subject with को. However, चाहिए “need” as a modal verb does not agree with either with the subject or the object of a sentence, it remains the same.

It is used to express need and desire.

Examples
Hindi English  Explanation
मुझे पानी चाहिए | I need water. Subject is marked with को, and hence out of agreement. पानी is masculine, but चाहिए is modal verb and not changing its form either according to the subject or the object.
आपको क्या चाहिए ? What do you need? क्या “what” is unknown here, so we can’t decide the number and gender of क्या. However, चाहिए will not change its form in any case.
मेरी बहन को एक किताब चाहिए | My sister needs a book. Here, मेरी बहन “My sister” is feminine and marked with को, and किताब “book” is feminine too. But, चाहिए will not change its form according to feminine किताब “book.”
मेरे दोस्त को एक कुछ पैसे चाहिए | My friend needs some money. Here, मेरे दोस्त “My friend” is masculine and marked with को, and कुछ पैसे “some money” is masculine plural. But, चाहिए will not change its form according to feminine कुछ पैसे “some money.”

Activities

Please write at least two sentence about what you need in several situations that are given below. After doing filling your part, please ask these questions to three of your friends/family members and then audio-record yourself.

Situations मुझे  मेरे दोस्त को  मेरे दोस्त को  मेरे दोस्त को 
1 भोजनालय में “at a restaurant,” आपको क्या चाहिए ?
2 हवाई अड्डे पर “at an airport,” आपको क्या चाहिए ?
3 स्कूल में “in a school,” आपको क्या चाहिए ?
4 खाने की मेज़ पर “on the dinner table,” आपको क्या चाहिए ?
5 जीवन/ज़िंदगी में “in life,” आपको क्या चाहिए ?

Speaking

Other nouns/adjectives/verbs that need subject with को

Words English Example sentences
1 लगना to feel मुझे लगता है कि …. | “I feel that…”

मुझे लगता है कि आज बारिश होगी | “I feel that it will rain today.”

to seem मुझे लगता है कि हिन्दी बहुत आसान भाषा है | “It seems to me that Hindi is an easy language.”
to take money/time भारत जाने में, हमें हज़ारों डॉलर्स लगते हैं | “It takes thousands of dollars for us to go to India.”

शिकागो जाने में, मुझे चार घंटे लगते हैं | “It takes me four hours to go to Chicago.”

2 आना to know how to. मुझे तैरना आता है | “I know how to swim.”

मुझे गाड़ी है | “I know how to drive a car.”

3 मालूम to be aware of मुझे मालूम है कि …..| “I know that …”

मुझे मालूम है कि आप कहाँ रहते हैं | “I know where you live.”

मुझे मालूम है कि अमेरिका के राष्ट्रपति कौन हैं| “I know who is the president of America.”

4 ख़ुशी happiness मुझे ख़ुशी है कि … | “I am happy that…”

मुझे ख़ुशी है कि आप हिन्दी सीख रहे हैं | “I am happy that you are learning Hindi.”

4 अफ़सोस/ दु:ख़ regret/sad मुझे अफ़सोस/दु:ख़ है कि ….. | “I am sorry that …”

मुझे दु:ख़/अफ़सोस है कि मैं आप से नहीं मिल सका | “I am sorry that I could not meet you.”

मुझे दु:ख़/अफ़सोस है कि आपकी दादी नहीं रहीं | “I am sorry that your grandmother has passed away.”

5 आशा hope मुझे आशा है कि …. | “I hope that …”

मुझे आशा है कि आप सफल होंगे | “I hope that you will be successful.”

मुझे आशा है कि एक दिन आप हिन्दी में बात करेंगी | “I hope that you will converse in Hindi one day.”

6 मिलना happen to meet someone/to find/to get/to receive मुझे वह एक दुकान में मिली | “I happen to meet her in a shop.”

मुझे बगीचे में, एक सौ डॉलर मिले | “I found one hundred dollars in a garden.”

मुझे अच्छी चाय कहाँ मिलेगी | Where will I find good tea?”

मुझे कम वेतन मिलता है | “I receive/get less salary.”

Activities

Please write 5 sentences with each of the following words given below. Please use subject with को for each sentence. After writing these sentences, please record your sentences and send it to your friends/family members.

(1) ख़ुशी 1
2
3
4
5
(2) अफ़सोस 1
2
3
4
5
(3) लगना 1
2
3
4
5
(4) आना 1
2
3
4
5

Speaking

धन्यवाद !

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Basic Hindi I by Rajiv Ranjan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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